Diseases Index
Annosum Root Rot
Heterobasidion irregulare
Bacterial Leaf Scorch
Xylella fastidiosa
Laurel Wilt
Harringtonia lauricola
Littleleaf Disease
Oak Wilt
Bretziella fagacearum
Phytoplasmas (aka Yellows)
Thousand Cankers Disease
Geosmithia morbida
Paul Mistretta, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org

Annosum Root Rot

Heterobasidion irregulare

This fungus may be called many names - including annosum root rot, annosus root rot, or Heterobasidion root rot – and is caused by Heterobasidion irregulare (formerly named Heterobasidion annosum and Fomes annosus). This fungus is present throughout North America, has a very wide host range, and is commonly found in southeastern U.S. forests. The fungus causes root decay, although infected trees may survive for many years after infection. Weakened roots are at an increased risk of windthrow. Infected roots generally show heavy resin leakage, and the spread of the fungus through root grafts may cause pockets of tree mortality. Fungal spores are also spread by wind, and often infect stumps from recently harvested forest stands. Annosum root rot is most common on deep, sandy soils or former agricultural land. Prevention is the best way to manage this disease, but post-treatment of stumps with borax can limit fungal spread.


Annosum Root Rot

USDA Forest Service, 1998

Annosum root rot of pines in Florida

Florida Dept. of Agriculture and Consumer Services - Division of Plant Industry, 1999

Annosum Root Rot of Southern Pines

University of Florida, 2013

Annosus Root Rot

Alabama Forestry Commission

Biology, diagnosis, and management of Heterobasidion root disease of southern pines

USDA Forest Service, University of Florida, and Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2016

Heterobasidion Root Disease

Georgia Forestry Commission, 2013

Heterobasidion root disease in Eastern conifers

University of Wisconsin, USDA Forest Service, and Southern Regional Extension Forestry, 2018

Annosus Root Rot

Alabama Forestry Commission, 2011

Annosus Root Rot

Auburn University, 2010
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