Diseases Index
Annosum Root Rot
Heterobasidion irregulare
Bacterial Leaf Scorch
Xylella fastidiosa
Laurel Wilt
Raffaelea lauricola
Littleleaf Disease
Oak Wilt
Bretziella fagacearum
Phytoplasmas (aka Yellows)
Thousand Cankers Disease
Geosmithia morbida
Ronald Billings, Texas Forest Service, Bugwood.org

Laurel Wilt

Raffaelea lauricola

Laurel wilt is caused by Raffaelea lauricola, a fungal pathogen transmitted by the ambrosia beetle Xyleborus glabratus.  This beetle and fungus are native to southern Asia, and the beetle was first detected in Georgia in 2002.  This disease impacts several trees in the family Lauraceae, including redbay, sassafras, pondspice, bay laurel, and avocado.  Extensive mortality to redbay has occurred in coastal areas from North Carolina to Mississippi, with detections also occurring inland in Alabama, Louisiana, Kentucky, Texas, Georgia, Florida and Arkansas.  Infected trees generally die within months, often showing a full crown of dead, brown leaves.  There is no cure once a tree has this disease.  Preventing the spread of this disease by transporting firewood is of the utmost importance, as management options are limited.  Current management involves sanitation (chipping, burning) of infested material, and chemical treatments may be effective for high value trees.


Distribution of Counties with Laurel Wilt

USDA Forest Service, February 18, 2022



Laurel Wilt in Florida: Slowing the Spread

Florida Dept. of Ag. & Consumer Sciences, 2011



Signs and Symptoms of Laurel Wilt

Cornell University, 2014
Personal tools